One of the main issues to consider early in the mediation process is what to do with the family residence. Often one party wishes to buy out the other’s equity in the property. Before any agreements can be reached, it must be determined if the “buying” spouse can qualify for a mortgage in his or her name.
Avoiding a Contempt of Court Issue
A Contempt of Court issue when a former spouse fails to execute their obligations in the marital settlement agreement (MSA) with regards to real estate and mortgage financing can be avoided if the right steps are taken in advance. There are many times when mortgage financing is a requirement post-decree, whether it involves refinancing the marital home to remove a spouse from the current mortgage, completing an equity buyout, or even for the purchase of a new home for one or both parties.
Oftentimes the successful execution of mortgage financing requirements in many divorces fails, not because of a lack of effort on behalf of the divorcing parties, but rather on other details within the marital settlement agreement. The two most common reasons divorcing clients are unable to successfully obtain mortgage financing have to do with qualified income and credit. The best way to avoid these issues is to consult with a qualified divorce lending professional during the settlement process rather than after the martial settlement agreement is final—this can make a big difference in ensuring the successful execution of the MSA and avoiding a possible Contempt of Court issue.
Let’s take a look at the common income and credit issues that can prevent a successful mortgage transaction.
Income vs. Qualifying Income
Oftentimes in a divorce and mortgage situation, there are various types of income to consider: employment income; alimony (spousal support)/maintenance income; unallocated maintenance income; child support income; property settlement note income; and more. Although all sources of income are considered “income” by the recipient, it is important to understand that from a mortgage financing perspective, not all sources of income are considered “qualifying income.”
In order to be considered qualifying income, certain requirements of each income source must be met. For divorcing clients who will need mortgage financing once the divorce is final, involving a mortgage professional who specializes in Divorce Mortgage Lending during the divorce process rather than post decree can potentially help avoid common pitfalls when income is not considered as qualifying income.
Let’s take a look at some of the most common income issues in divorce situations with regards to alimony (spousal support)/maintenance and/or child support.
Alimony (Spousal Support)/Maintenance: Alimony, whether unallocated or allocated, along with child support must meet specific requirements to be considered as qualifying income for mortgage financing purposes by meeting both continuance and stability tests.
- Continuance: A key driver of successful homeownership is confidence that all income used in qualifying the borrower will continue to be received by the borrower for the foreseeable future. Must be able to document that income will continue to be paid for at least three years AFTER the date of the mortgage application. Check for limitations on the continuance of the payments, such as the age of the children for whom the support is being paid or the duration over which alimony is required to be paid.
- Stability: A review of the payment history is required to determine its suitability as a stable qualifying income. To be considered stable income, full, regular, and timely payments must have been received for six months or longer for standard conventional underwriting guidelines. Income received for less than six months is considered unstable and may not be used to qualify the borrower for the mortgage. In addition, if full or partial payments are made on an inconsistent or sporadic basis, the income is not acceptable for the purpose of qualifying the borrower.
- Back to Work: Oftentimes one spouse has been out of the workforce for an extended absence while raising the children. Even though this spouse may have recently returned to the labor force, specific requirements must be met in order to use ordinary employment income as qualified income. The borrower must be currently employed in the current job for six months or longer and must be able to document a two-year work history prior to an absence from employment.
Common Credit Concerns With Divorcing Couples
Mortgage payment is missed: Whether an oversight or intentional, when a mortgage payment is missed, there are more repercussions than just a negative hit to the credit score.
- A single, 30-day late mortgage loan payment can cause a credit score to drop by as much as 100 points.
- A single, 30-day late mortgage loan payment may prevent mortgage financing from 12 months up to 24 months depending on the loan program and investor.
Marital Home in Foreclosure Proceedings: Many times in a divorce situation there are financial struggles and oftentimes the marital home is involved in foreclosure proceedings.
If foreclosure proceedings have already begun the best option, and sometimes the only option, is to contact the current lender/servicer to determine if there is a loan modification or alternative plan to salvage the marital home if this is desired. Once the foreclosure proceedings are underway, new traditional mortgage financing is very difficult if not impossible to obtain. Even if the foreclosure proceedings were resolved, the recent mortgage payment history stated above will be a factor in obtaining new financing.
Joint Marital Debt Retained Post Divorce: When it is currently not possible or not the best option to close out joint marital debt, the court may order one party responsible for the full payment of specific debts. When this occurs, the debt is considered a “contingent liability.” For mortgage financing purposes, contingent liability is not typically included in the debt to income ratio for the party not responsible for the joint marital debt. But what happens if the responsible spouse makes a late payment on the joint obligation?
- The credit score of both spouses will be affected negatively as both individuals are still liable to the creditor.
- For mortgage underwriting purposes, if the debt was ordered to be paid solely by one party per the MSA, the payment history of the debt after the contingent liability was ordered may not be considered by the mortgage underwriter.
- Contingent liability guidelines are applicable to all joint marital debt including mortgage financing, auto loans, installment loans, credit cards, etc.
It is always important to work with an experienced mortgage professional who specializes in working with divorcing clients. A Certified Divorce Lending Professional (CDLP) can help answer questions and provide excellent advice.
This is for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of providing legal or tax advice. You should contact an attorney or tax professional to obtain legal and tax advice. Interest rates and fees are estimates provided for informational purposes only, and are subject to market changes. This is not a commitment to lend. Rates change daily – call for current quotations.
Copyright 2019 Divorce Lending Association. No portion of this post may be reproduced without the written consent of the Divorce Lending Association.